Physiology of Vision

Physiology of Vision

Physiology of Vision The rods and cones are two types of photoreceptors that help in transducing light rays into the receptor potential. The retina of each eye contains about 6 …

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Peripheral Nervous System

Peripheral Nervous System

Introduction The two principle divisions of the nervous system are the central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral nervous system (PNS). The CNS consists of brain and spinal cord, integrates and …

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Types of White Blood Cells (WBC)

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White Blood Cells White blood cells are important components of the blood. They are found in the blood and lymphatic tissue. On centrifugation of a blood sample, a thin layer …

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Classification of Joints

Classification of Joints

Arthrology: It is the branch of science concerned with the study of anatomy, function, dysfunction, and treatment of joints and articulations. Joint (Articulation): It is a point of contact between …

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Cultivation of viruses

Cultivation of viruses

Experiment 1 Aim: Cultivation of viruses in the cell line method. Introduction Viruses are acellular pathogenic organisms that rely on the host cells for their multiplication and growth because of …

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Microbial assay and its methods

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Introduction The microbiological assay is a standard analytical method used to check the potency of antibiotics. It can be demonstrated by checking the inhibitory effect of antibiotics against specific kinds …

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Biochemical Tests

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Biochemical Tests Identification of microorganisms is done in two steps; Step I: Examination under the microscope Step II: Biochemical test for final confirmation. Examination of microorganisms under microscopical examination, biochemical …

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Skin: Structure and Function

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Introduction The human skin is the outer covering of the body. In humans, it is the largest organ of the human body. The integumentary system helps to maintain a constant …

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Cell Division and Cell Cycle

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Cell Division and Cell Cycle Cell Division It is the process by which a parent cell divides into two or more daughter cells. These cells divide once approximately every 24 …

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Transport across plasma membrane

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Transport across plasma membrane is carried out by two different processes diffusion and active transport, they are further divided into various methods. (A) Diffusion Simple diffusion Facilitated diffusion Osmosis (B) …

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Physiology of Kidneys

Urinary System

Physiology of Kidneys Kidneys from urine by filtration and secretion of waste materials from the blood. In addition, the selective reabsorption by tubular cells contributes to the maintenance of homeostasis …

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Urinary System: Anatomy, Structure, Function

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Introduction For body cells to function effectively, their environment should be maintained relatively constant (homeostasis). Continuous working of cells necessitates utilization of nutrients (glucose) and oxygen and results in the …

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Tissues of the Human Body

Tissues of the Human Body

Tissues of the Human Body Introduction A tissue is a group of cells having a common embryonic origin that functions together to carry out specialized activities. Tissues may be hard …

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