Somatic embryogenesis

In somatic embryogenesis the embryo generated from somatic cell tissues or organs or directly from the tissue which is the opposite of zygotic or sexual embryogenesis. Various terms for non …

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Mitosis

Cell Cycle (Mitosis) Cell division is a series of events that takes place inside a cell which causes the division of the cell into an equal number of daughter cells. …

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Cell Theory

  The cell was discovered as the smallest unit of life in 1665 by a British scientist named Robert Hooke. He took a thin slice of cork under his microscope, …

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TRANSLATION (PROTEIN SYNTHESIS)

The biosynthesis of a protein or a polypeptide in a living cell is called as translation. The genetic information stored in DNA is passed to RNA (transcription) and it expressed …

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Transcription in Eukaryotes

Transcription is more complicated process in eukaryotes compare to prokaryotes. In eukaryotes, three different RNA polymerases transcribe the genes for the four types of RNAs. RNA Polymerase I: It is …

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Transcription in prokaryotes

Transcription involves three different stages in prokaryotes such as initiation, elongation and termination. RNA is synthesized by a single RNA polymerase enzyme which contains multiple polypeptide subunits. RNA polymerase of …

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Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)

Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) PCR is an in-vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA fragments of defined length and sequence from a small amount of complex template, In …

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Plasmid, its Types and function

Bacterial cell with chromosomal DNA and Plasmid

Plasmid, its Types, and function General Properties of Plasmid and its Types In addition to chromosomal DNA most bacteria possess extra-chromosomal genetic materials. These materials are known as plasmids. The …

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