Sexually Transmitted Diseases That Cause Infertility


Infertility is defined as the inability of a couple to conceive after 12 months of unprotected sexual intercourse. It affects over 5 million couples alone in the U. S. and many times more in the world. Because of unawareness of treatments, only 10% seek help from professional specialists. In this article, we will discuss sexually transmitted diseases that cause infertility.

I. Definition

A sexually transmitted disease (STD), also known as a sexually transmitted infection (STI), is an illness caused by the transmission between humans through sexual contact including vaginal intercourse, oral sex, and anal sex.

II. Sexually transmitted diseases cause infertility.

1. Chlamydia

Chlamydia is also known as Chlamydia pneumoniae. It is a type of organism that is an STD that leads to infertility. In men, it causes infection leading to urethritis and interferes with ejaculation. In women, it may damage the Fallopian tube.

2. Epididymitis

Epididymitis is defined as the inflammation of the epididymis caused by bacteria. It is a urinary tract infection that leads to infertility if the infection spreads to the testicles.

3. Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is an STD caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonococcus that leads to epididymitis infection and inflammation of the uterus in men, and the Fallopian tube in women. It results in tubal damage-causing infertility and miscarriage.

4. Pyospermia

Pyospermia is a condition in which high levels of white blood cells exist in the sperm. It is caused by the infection of an STD somewhere in the body. Sometimes such infection may cause the immune system to recognize the sperm as an invader and killing it.

5. Ureaplasma urealyticum

Ureaplasma urealyticum is a bacterium belonging to the family Mycoplasmataceae. It is a type of infectious bacteria with no symptoms. It is sexually transmitted between partners and interferes with the reproductive processes including tubal disease, decreases sperm movement, and the quality causing infertility.

Ureaplasma urealyticum
Ureaplasma urealyticum