The Jeopardize – High or Low Blood Pressure

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Blood Pressure is surely a condition storming danger in mind. Blood pressure is the force of blood against the walls of arteries. The blood so pumped is move to all the body as per the requirement of oxygen as well as energy. Blood pressure has often been related to heart stroke, hypertension and major heart problems. Why so? What is actually jeopardizing- High or low blood pressure? Let’s know about the major problems with blood pressure and how we can tackle it.

Measurement of Blood Pressure

Blood pressure is often heard in terms of systolic and diastolic count. The count actually is on the highest and lowest level of blood pressure. The highest or the first count is systolic pressure which refers to the pressure in arteries and the lowest or second count is the diastolic pressure. The diastolic pressure refers to the relaxation of the heart muscle. It is measured in terms of a millimetre per mercury. The instrument used for measuring blood pressure is a sphygmomanometer. However, there are various digital instruments available to measure it at home.

What is Elevated, High and Low Blood Pressure?

The normal blood pressure of a healthy human is 120/80 mmHg. However, the range may change overage.

Blood pressure in different Age groups The given data is collected from 1.

Elevated blood pressure (prehypertension) is defined as a slight increase from the normal blood pressure. Considering the normal healthy adult blood pressure which is 120/80 mmHg, if there is a slight increase in the blood pressure range which maybe within 129 (systolic) and less than 80 (diastolic), it would be called as elevated blood pressure. This could not be considered as very dangerous but surely would lead to various problems ahead directing to high blood pressure conditions.

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension Stage 1) is a condition of high increase in systolic and diastolic pressure. The pressure may range from 130-139 systolic to 80-89 diastolic pressure. This is when the heart actually has to work harder to reach the needs of the body. There is often no symptoms or signs of rising in blood pressure, hence it is often considered as silent killer. High pressure of blood leads to a condition like a heart attack and heart stroke. This is a very critical condition when one needs to take extra care and try to make it normal.

(Hypertension Stage 2) leads to the most critical situation where blood pressure fluctuates from the systolic pressure of 140 0r higher and the diastolic pressure is 90 or higher. Th

Low Blood Pressure (hypotension) is when the measure is 90 for systolic pressure and around 60 for diastolic pressure. This is also a very threatening case which could lead to serious diseases. Low blood pressure often causes dizziness and fainting.

Blood pressure Categories

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Causes of High Blood Pressure

The major threat to heart disease is caused by high blood pressure. But what is the exact cause of such a menace?

So there is not any particular lead harming our health. The most source is actually related to lifestyle problems. The lifestyle problem like the eating and drinking habits, sleep schedule and activities of daily life.

The major cause is considered to be obesity, stress, alcohol consumption, high sodium intake, lack of physical activity, sleep cycle, smoking, diabetes, genetic and other disorders including the thyroid diseases.

Symptoms of High Blood Pressure

Hypertension is indeed a silent killer with no symptoms. An exception would be someone who experiences a dull headache, typically in the back of the head and usually in the morning. Ordinary headaches, dizziness, and nosebleeds are not symptoms, at least in the early stages of blood pressure elevation. Those symptoms can occur, however, with severe hypertension. Even people with very high blood pressure normally don’t have any symptoms. Because blood pressure is influenced by a waterfall sequence of chemical substances in the kidneys, and because severely high blood pressure can damage the kidneys, certain symptoms may occur in advanced disease states that are not directly caused by blood pressure but rather are due to the damaged kidneys. These include excessive perspiration, muscle cramps, weakness, frequent urination, and a rapid or irregular heartbeat.

Causes of Low Blood Pressure

The cause of low blood pressure is not yet exactly known. But there are certain reasons to it including pregnancy, hormonal problems like hypothyroidism, diabetes or hypoglycaemia, depression, mental illness.

Sudden drops are also observed in certain conditions including excessive blood loss, low or high body temperature, any blood infection, vomiting, nausea, diarrhoea, fever, allergic conditions, menstruation, etc.

Symptoms in Low Blood Pressure

There are certain symptoms that can explain the symptoms including dizziness, nausea, fatigue, fainting, pale skin, weakness, blurring of vision etc.

How does the body control Blood Pressure?

There are three known methods by which the body controls blood pressure.

  • First are the pressure receptors in various organs that can detect changes in blood pressure and then adjust the pressure by altering both the force and the speed of the heart’s contractions, as well as the total resistance to pressure.
  • Second, the kidneys are responsible for the long-term adjustment of blood pressure through a system involving various chemical substances in the so-called renin-angiotensin system
  • Third, in response to high levels of either potassium or angiotensin, the steroid aldosterone is released from the adrenal glands, one of which is located on top of each kidney. This hormone then increases the excretion of potassium by the kidneys, while also increasing sodium retention in the body.

How to maintain High Blood Pressure?

  1. Reducing sodium intake in the diet. For that avoiding the packaged chips, canned and processed food including sauces, pickles are literally helpful
  2. Eating Heart-healthy foods are much needed which counts fruits, green vegetables, fat-free or low-fat milk products.
  3. Limiting alcohol is very important for a healthy heart
  4. Obesity is one of the major cause which should be checked by maintaining healthy diets and regular exercise
  5. High blood pressure is mostly regulated by several medicines which should be taken properly in time.

References

  1. https://healthiack.com/blood-pressure-chart
  2. https://www.health.harvard.edu/heart-health/reading-the-new-blood-pressure-guidelines
  3. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/low-blood-pressure/symptoms-causes/syc-20355465#:~:text=In%20severe%20cases%2C%20low%20blood,generally%20considered%20low%20blood%20pressure.
  4. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/sites/default/files/publications/08-6352.pdf
  5. https://www.webmd.com/hypertension-high-blood-pressure/guide/blood-pressure-causes#1