• The thyroid gland influences the majority of the metabolic processes in your body.
  • Thyroid disorders will vary from a small, harmless goitre (enlarged gland) that desires no treatment to dangerous cancer.
  • the foremost common thyroid issues involve abnormal production of thyroid hormones.
  • an excessive amount of internal secretion ends up in a condition called glandular disease.
  • insufficient hormone production results in glandular disorder.
  • Although the consequences are often unpleasant or uncomfortable, most thyroid issues are often managed well if properly diagnosed and treated.



  • All types of hyperthyroidism are due to Associate in Nursing production of thyroid hormones, however, the condition will occur in many ways:
  • Graves’ disease: the assembly of an excessive amount of internal secretion.
  • Toxic adenomas: Nodules develop within the endocrine and start to secrete thyroid hormones, disconcerting the body’s chemical balance; some goiters could contain many of those nodules.
  • Subacute thyroiditis: Inflammation of the thyroid that causes the secretor to “leak” excess hormones, leading to temporary hyperthyroidism that typically lasts many weeks, however, could persist for months.
  • Pituitary gland malfunctions or cancerous growths within the thyroid gland: though rare, hyperthyroidism can even develop from these causes.
  • Hypothyroidism, against this, stems from Associate in Nursing production of thyroid hormones.
  • Since your body’s energy production needs sure amounts of thyroid hormones, a come by endocrine production results in lower energy levels.


  • Hashimoto’s thyroiditis : during this autoimmune disease, the body attacks thyroid tissue. The tissue eventually dies and stops manufacturing hormones.
  • Removal of the thyroid gland: The thyroid could are surgically removed or with chemicals destroyed.
  • Exposure to excessive amounts of iodide: Cold and sinus medicines, the guts medicine amiodarone, or sure distinction dyes given before some X-rays could expose you to an excessive amount of iodine.
  • You may be at bigger risk for developing glandular disorder if you’ve got had thyroid issues within the past.
  • Lithium: This drug has additionally been concerned as a reason for glandular disorder.
  • Untreated for long periods of your time, hypothyroidism will cause a myxedema coma.
  • A rare however doubtless fatal condition that needs immediate endocrine treatment.
  • Hypothyroidism poses a special danger to new-borns and infants.
  • a scarcity of thyroid hormones within the system at Associate in Nursing early age will cause the event of hypothyroidism (intellectual disability) and nanism (stunted growth).
  • Most infants currently have their thyroid levels checked habitually presently once birth. If they’re hypothyroid, treatment begins instantly.
  • In infants, as in adults, glandular disorder are often thanks to these causes:
  1. A pituitary disorder
  2. A defective thyroid
  3. Lack of the gland entirely.


  • The Excessive amounts of T4, T3, or both can cause an high metabolic rate. This is known as hypermetabolic state.
  • When in a hypermetabolic state, patient experience thyroid gland itself can swell into a goitre, which can be either symmetrical or un-symmetrical.
  • Patient eyes may also appear quite prominent, which is a sign of exophthalmos, a condition that’s related to dangerous disease.
  • Other symptoms of hyperthyroidism include:
  1. breast development in men
  2. increased appetite
  3. inability to concentrate
  4. nausea and vomiting
  5. irregular heartbeat
  6. difficulty sleeping
  7. fine, brittle hair
  8. fine, brittle hair
  9. nervousness
  10. restlessness
  11. weakness
  12. itching
  13. hair loss

The following symptoms require immediate medical attention:

  1. shortness of breath
  2. loss of consciousness
  3. fast, irregular heart rate
  4. Dizziness

Hyperthyroidism also causes atrial fibrillation, a dangerous arrhythmia that can lead to strokes, as well as congestive heart failure.

Thyroid & Adrenal Dysfunction | Sunrise Functional Medicine