INFLAMMATION OF JOINTS- ARTHRITIS.

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ARTHRITIS- WHAT IT IS?

  • Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints. Can it affect single joint or multiple joints?
  • There are numerous types of arthritis, with different causes and treatment process. Two of the most common types are:-
  1. Osteoarthritis (OA)
  2. Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA).

Arthritis - Symptoms and causes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TYPES OF ARTHRITIS INCLUDE

  • Osteoarthritis is a common type of arthritis. It’s mainly related to ageing or with some injury.
  • Autoimmune arthritis happens when our body’s immune system attacks healthy cells in our body by mistake. forex- Rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Juvenile arthritis is a kind of arthritis that happens in children.
  • Infectious arthritis is an infection that has spread from one part to another part of the body to the joint.
  • Psoriatic arthritis affects people with psoriasis, Gout It often starts in the big toe.
  • Symptoms of Osteoarthritis very painful type of arthritis that happens when too much uric acid builds up in the body.

 SYMPTOMS OF OSTEOARTHRITIS MAY INCLUDE:

  • The symptoms of arthritis ie. majorly the inflammation of joints usually develop with time, but they may also appear suddenly.
  • Arthritis is most commonly seen in adults after the age of 65, but it can also develop in children, teens, and younger adults.
  • Arthritis is more common in women than men and in people who are overweight( obese)
  • Joint pain
  • Arthritis may lead to elevate blood pressure.
  • Stiffness at morning time or after you’ve been sitting for a while
  • Tenderness — the area is sore when you touch it
  • Lack of movement — the joint restrict complete its motion..
  • Grating — you might feel things rubbing together inside the joint
  • Bone spurs — lumps and bumps of bone from around the joint.

ARTHRITIS TREATMENT: OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY

  • Protecting your joints is an important part of arthritis treatment.
  • With the help of an occupational therapist, you can learn easier ways to do your normal activities.
  • An occupational therapist can teach you how to: Avoid positions that strain your joints
  • Use your strongest joints and muscles while sparing a weaker one.
  • Provide braces or supports to protect certain joints.
  • Use grab bars in the bath.
  • Use modified doorknobs, canes, or walkers.
  • Use devises to help you with tasks such as opening jars or pulling up socks and zippers

Finger Arthritis: Signs and Symptoms

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ARTHRITIS TREATMENT: MEDICINE

  • Arthritis treatment is dependent upon the nature and seriousness of the underlying problems.
  • The main aim is to reduce inflammation and improve the proper function of affected joints before it Became serious problems occur.
  • To reduce pain and inflammation of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis,
  • the doctor will probably prescribe acetaminophen or a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), such as Aleve.

Self care tips in Arthritis

 

  • The doctor may recommend corticosteroid joint injections to ease the pain and stiffness of affected joints.
  • Depending on the individual, results range from temporary relief to long-lasting suppression of symptoms.
  • The doctor may also inject a hyaluronic acid solution into your joints.
  • Hyaluronic acid mimics normal joint fluid and can reduce pain and increase mobility. Some examples are Hyalgan, Orthovisc,  and Synvisc.

 

REFERENCE

  1. https://medlineplus.gov/arthritis.html
  2. https://www.healthline.com/health/arthritis
  3. https://www.webmd.com/arthritis/understanding-arthritis-symptoms
  4. https://www.webmd.com/arthritis/understanding-arthritis-treatment