Transgenic Animals

Introduction Transgenic Mice and other Animals. One of the first reports of transgenic animals published in December, 1982, involved the transfer of the growth...

Auxotrophs: Classification, Mutant Detection and Mutant Selection

MUTANT DETECTION When collecting mutant of a particular organism, one must know the normal or wild type characteristics so as to recognize an altered...

Types of Electrodes

Types of Electrodes Biosensors invariably employ two distinct types of electrodes, such as : (a) Electrochemical electrodes, and (b) Microbial electrodes. These two specialized...

Post-transcriptional modification in RNA

Post-transcriptional modification is a process in cell biology by which, in eukaryotic cells, primary transcript RNA is converted into mature RNA. A notable example...
Production of Monoclonal Antibodies (MABs).

DEVELOPMENT OF HYBRIDOMA FOR MONOCLONAL ANTIBODIES (MABs)

Introduction Hybridoma may be defined as — ‘the cell produced by the fusion of an antibody-producing cell and a multiple mycloma cell’. Importantly, the...
A Sequential Diagramatic Representation of the Methodology for Agrobacterium-Mediated Gene Transfer.

Agrobacterium Mediated Gene Transfer

Agrobacterium Mediated Gene Transfer The most effective vector used in plant transformation is Agrobacterium tumefaciens. It has the benefit of the widespread soil pathogen’s...

Graft-Vs-Host Disease (GVHD)

Keeping in view the prevalant common situation whereby the recipient happens to reject the ‘donor graft’, the reverse may also take place when the...

Regulation of miRNA

Regulation of miRNA miRNA: Introduction and History RNA (RNAi) is a biological mechanism in which gene expression is inhibited by the inhibition of RNA...

Micro-RNA (miRNA): Biogenesis & Function

Micro-RNA (miRNA): Introduction miRNA are small, evolutionary, single-stranded, non-coding RNA molecules that bind mRNA targets to inhibit the development of proteins. A variety of...
Ovary and Ovule Culture

Ovary and Ovule Culture

Ovary and Ovule Culture Ovary culture The ovary is part of the female reproductive organ of the flower, or gynoecium, in flowering plants. Specifically,...